60 Years of independence

Against the backdrop of major domestic political problems, Pakistan has. Kenya celebrates its 50th anniversary of independence. In the capital Islamabad, people greeted the national holiday with fireworks. President Pervez Musharraf is under massive prere. Attacks by Muslim extremists have increased, especially in the area bordering Afghanistan, since the army stormed the extremist-held Red Mosque a month ago. On the other hand, Pakistan's international importance is marked by the conflict with India.

Pakistan expert, Christian Wagner of the Foundation "Economy and Politics" explains: "On the one hand, Pakistan has for many years been one of the countries that provide the most blue helmet soldiers for missions at the United Nations. However, of course, the international significance has been noted, especially over the conflict with India over the Kashmir ie. Here, however, it has become clear that in recent years there has been a significant rapprochement. At the moment, bilateral relations are probably as good as they have ever been in the 60-year history of the two countries."Christians in the country represent a vanishing minority, and their situation is not always easy, says Pakistani Dominican Sister Gloria Walter: "Christians in the big cities are safe in churches, and there are interfaith dialogues between Christians and Muslims and Hindus. Especially in the countryside it is problematic: the biggest problems are prejudices, poverty, especially rich Muslims dominate the Christians and they suffer from it. It is true that the government protects us, but sometimes we Pakistani Christians do not feel as free as the Muslims. Even Muslims themselves are suffering, including tensions between Sunnis and Shiites. For example, in northern Pakistan, where my family lives, there are big problems."The nun has mixed feelings about the future: "A Christian always has hope, and so I hope that my country will have a good future. Of course, I am also celebrating our Independence Day today, but inside I am not happy today, because I know the situation in my country, the suffering and misery of the people. Our government is trying its best to bring peace. But unfortunately, the network of terrorism is strong and it keeps spreading inside Pakistan.

"Musharraf calls for fight against extremism a President General Pervez Musharraf appealed to his countrymen to reject extremism in all forms, allowing for free and fair elections in the fall. Pakistan is currently shaken by suicide attacks by Islamic fundamentalists. Dr. Conrad Schetter (Center for Development Research at the University of Bonn) compares the "powder keg" Pakistan in the this site interview with a "runaway train".Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, in his address, stressed that Pakistan was proud to be the only Muslim state in possession of nuclear weapons. He ared the citizens that no foreign power would be allowed to interfere in Pakistan's affairs. In Islamabad, thousands of people took to the streets despite pouring rain.Many waved the national flag and shouted "Long live Pakistan"!". At dawn, 21 rounds of salute were fired. In Karachi, soldiers paraded in front of the mausoleum of the state's founder, Mohammed Ali Jinnah (1876-1948).

Commemoration of the victims With a nationwide moment of silence, Pakistan commemorated the victims of the bloody clashes between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs 60 years ago. Fierce violence had overshadowed the founding of the states of Pakistan and India. According to estimates, 200 people came to Pakistan at that time.000 people killed. Pakistan was on the 14. The country was granted independence by Great Britain on August 1947, and India one day later.As a gesture of goodwill, Pakistan and India released a total of more than 200 prisoners from their respective neighboring countries. Both states were enemies for decades and fought several short wars against each other. One of the main points of contention is the mountainous region of Kashmir. Dialogue to improve relations has only existed for a few years.

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